RecyclingRecycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and reusable products. Recycling aims at environmental sustainability by substituting raw material inputs into and redirecting waste outputs out of the economic system. Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, cardboard, metal, plastic, textiles and electronics.The composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste – such as food or garden waste can also be considered as recycling.The first step in the recycling process involves collecting, sorting, and processing recyclable materials. Municipals, private collectors, composting facilities are involved in the first process. Recycling manufacturing involves the actual conversion of recyclables into products. This focuses on the refurbishing and repair of products to be reused in their original form.Why should we recycle?By reducing the amount of energy used by industries, recycling not only reduces greenhouse gas emissions but also helps prevent global climate change. It requires less energy to make a new glass bottle from a recycled one because recycled glass melts as a lower temperature than the raw materials which in turn saves energy. Recycling a ton of glass saves the equivalent of nine gallons of fuel oil.Reprocessing uses recycled materials to make new products, which reduces the consumption of natural resources. Recycling often produces better products than those made of virgin materials, for instance the “tin” cans is more refined (thus more valuable) after being processed for recycling. Recycling old and used materials into reusable products enormously reduces the possibility of choking of landfill sites. This is beneficial because it helps minimize land and water pollution since landfills contribute mightily to environmental degradation.Recycling opens up job opportunities. Recycling means many recycling plants will be set up hence leading to a long chain of collection and delivery. All these activities are performed by people, so this will trigger an explosion of opportunities.
Thank you to Rishen Maistry, my IT specialist in Gauteng for these tips!